Why are women living longer than men?

Everywhere in the world women live longer than men – but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn’t live longer than men in the 19th century. What’s the reason why women are more likely to live longer than men? And how the advantage has grown as time passes? There is only limited evidence and the evidence isn’t sufficient to support an absolute conclusion. We are aware that behavioral, افضل شامبو وبلسم – https://glorynote.com/%D8%A7%D9%81%D8%B6%D9%84-%D8%B4%D8%A7%D9%85%D8%A8%D9%88-%D9%88%D8%A8%D9%84%D8%B3%D9%85-%D8%A8%D8%B9%D8%AF-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A8%D8%B1%D9%88%D8%AA%D9%8A%D9%86, biological and environmental factors all contribute to the fact that women have longer lives than men, افضل شامبو وبلسم but we don’t know exactly what the contribution of each of these factors is.

We are aware that women live longer than males, regardless of weight. But, this is not because of certain non-biological factors have changed. These factors are changing. Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. Some are more complex. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, ended up raising women’s longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men

The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. We can see that every country is above the diagonal line of parity – it means that in all nations a newborn girl can expect to live for longer than a new boy.1

This chart shows that, even though women enjoy an advantage throughout the world, the differences between countries could be significant. In Russia women have an average of 10 years more than men; in Bhutan the gap is less than half an hour.

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The advantage for women in life expectancy was smaller in countries with higher incomes than it is now.

Let’s now look at how the advantage of women in longevity has changed over time. The following chart shows the gender-based and female-specific life expectancy when they were born in the US between 1790 until 2014. Two points stand out.

First, there is an upward trend. Both genders in the United States live longer than they did 100 years ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

The gap is increasing: While the advantage of women in life expectancy used to be quite small but it has risen significantly over time.

If you select the option “Change country by country’ in the chart, you will be able to confirm that the two points are also applicable to the other countries having available data: Sweden, France and the UK.

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